Seizures From Head Trauma
It is estimated that approximately five to ten percent of people suffering from a traumatic brain injury (TBI) will experience seizures at some point. The risk of seizures increases with the severity of the injury. However, even those who have a mild concussion may experience seizures either right away or months afterward. The most severe type of head injury will result in seizures to occur more rapidly after the trauma. At the Perelman School of Medicine, Dr. Douglas Smith, Professor of Neurosurgery, reports that a traumatic brain injury can have left the victim with both initial trauma and even later in life.
A serious head trauma injury can be the result of an unfortunate accident or caused by medical malpractice. If a victim wants to pursue a personal injury claim for damages, they must file it within two years from the date of injury. Medical malpractice claims must also be filed within two years unless the victim was a minor at the time. In the State of Texas, minors must pursue litigation within two years of their eighteenth birthday. The statute of limitations can also be extended if the victim was not mentally competent at the time in which to file a claim. Seek legal advice from a San Antonio brain injury attorney if you wish to pursue damages for your injuries.
Various Types of Seizures
Seizures that are caused by head trauma are categorized as general seizures because they affect the entire brain. There are six primary types of seizures that affect head trauma victims, which include the following:
- Grand Mal Seizure—In this type of seizure, the patient will first lose control of their body, resulting in a fall to the ground. The patient loses consciousness, which is followed by a stiffening of the body. During a grand mal seizure, the person may bite their tongue or suffer urinary incontinence.
- Absence Seizure—The person will experience a brief loss of consciousness in which they stare blankly. Some people are unaware that they are having a seizure but may be aware of losing time. These can occur several times a day and are often mistaken for daydreaming.
- Myoclonic Seizure—During this type of seizure, the person’s body will experience sporadic jerks. In a violent episode, the person may involuntarily drop or throw objects. People suffering from a myoclonic seizure will react as if they were hit with a single jolt of electricity.
- Clonic Seizure—The person’s muscles with going into rhythmic contractions, flexing and relaxing alternately. The frequency of these spasms will gradually subside until ceasing altogether.
- Tonic Seizure—In the tonic phase, a loss of consciousness occurs. The person’s muscles will contract suddenly, causing the person to fall down. This phase generally lasts approximately ten to twenty seconds.
- Atonic Seizure—This type of seizure consists of a sudden and general loss of muscle tone, primarily in the arms and legs resulting in a fall. Atonic seizures could also be indicative of Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, which is often found in children who have acquired brain damage or brain development problems.
Most doctors diagnose a seizure disorder by using an electroencephalogram (EEG) device. This machine measures electrical activity in a person’s brain. Additional testing might include an MRI or CT scan, lumbar puncture or a MEG imaging device that measures the magnetic fields of the brain.
When to Pursue Litigation
Victims who were injured due to medical negligence have the right to obtain compensation for their injuries. This includes the cost of all medical treatment needed, lost wages if they were unable to return to work and damages for pain and suffering. Even if the victim was partially to blame for their injuries in a motor vehicle accident, they can still legally seek damages. In the State of Texas, the modified comparative negligence rule allows victims to seek compensatory damages if they were 50 percent or less at fault for the accident. Contact a San Antonio brain injury lawyer for advice about pursuing a personal injury claim.
Getting Advice from a San Antonio Brain Injury Attorney
A San Antonio man was awarded $2.5 million for injuries he suffered after being rear-ended by a tractor-trailer rig. Months after the accident, he was diagnosed with a traumatic seizure disorder and experienced periodic seizures and headaches that prevented him from returning to work. In a personal injury case, there may be more than one party responsible for the accident. The manufacturer of the vehicle could be held liable if faulty equipment was the cause of a motor vehicle collision. If you have been injured due to the negligence of others, contact our lawyers. They can determine who was at fault and assess what your case may be worth.